AGE OF REFORMS- 1820-1860
February 23- March 25, 2015
The early 19th century was a time in American history when a variety of reform movements swept the country in the hope of improving the lives of all Americans. During this unit we will examine some of the attempts to reform society. Of these movements, the effort to abolish slavery was the largest and the one with the greatest immediate result, culminating in the Civil War and emancipation of slaves. Although women did not gain the right to vote until 1920, the women’s rights movement grew out of the abolitionist movement. The Seneca Falls Conference in 1848 resulted in the writing of the Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions. This period also saw efforts to improve education, improve the treatment of the poor and the mentally ill, improve prison conditions, and end the drinking of alcohol.
Read Chapter 12 Section 1 (pages 414-419). Identify and explain the following terms/people:
social reform 7. prohibition
Second Great Awakening 8. Dorothea Dix (prison reform
Charles Finney and treatment of mentally ill)
Utopian communities 9. public schools
Robert Owen 10. Horace Mann
Temperance movement 11. Prudence Crandall
Read Chapter 12, Section 2 (pages 422-426) and answer the following questions:
What solutions did the American Colonization Society propose to end slavery?
Why did most African Americans reject the society’s goals?
Which groups in the North were opposed to abolition and why?
What tactics were used by abolitionists to oppose slavery? Write a paragraph that includes three examples of these tactics.
3. Read the following section of your textbook and answer the assigned questions. TYPED assignment due at the beginning of class on Tues., March 10 for SS 1, 2, 3 and Wed. March 11 for SS 4, 5.
Read Chapter 12 Section 3 (pages 427-430) and answer questions 1a and b, 2a; and 4 on page 430.
4. “Movers and Shakers” Poster Project – (History Day participants excluded) details later
5. Unit test on Tues., March 24 (SS 1, 2, 3) and Wed., March 25 (SS 2, 4, 5).
*the dates during this unit may change
EXTRA CREDIT- Cut out an article from a newspaper or news magazine (or print one from an online news source) related to any of the following reform topics
rights of minorities
drug and alcohol issues
The article should address reform efforts. READ THE ARTICLE AND COMPLETE AN ANALYSIS SHEET (available from your teacher); TURN THEM BOTH IN TO YOUR TEACHER no later than March 25.