The food items wasted most are fresh vegetables and fruit. This is typically because we have bought too much or didn’t use it in time. By storing fruits and vegetables for maximum freshness, they will taste better and last longer, helping you eat more of them before they spoil.
Choose fresh foods that freeze well if there’s a chance you won’t get around to eating them in time.
The length of time that food will last depends on how fresh it was when you bought it. Local, in-season produce will last much longer than produce that has been shipped a long way.
Date labels are confusing and can lead to needlessly throwing away good food. With the exception of infant formula, they pertain to product quality, not food safety. Learning the difference between “sell-by”, “use-by” and “best-by” dates is a great first step toward storing smart. Use this guide as a quick reference:
Types of Dates
"Closed or coded dates" are packing numbers for use by the manufacturer.
A "Sell-By" date tells the store how long to display the product for sale. You should buy the product before the date expires. But you can still store it at home for some time beyond that date, as long as you follow safe storage procedures.
A "Best if Used By (or Before)" date is recommended for best flavor or quality. It is not a purchase or safety date.
A "Use-By" date is the last date recommended for the use of the product while at peak quality. The date has been determined by the manufacturer of the product.
A special thank you to King County, Washington for developing and sharing the content of "Food: Too Good To Waste” on the pages devoted to the topic.